Cataguases School, current State School Manoel Ignácio Peixoto


Description:Colégio Cataguases, atual Colégio Estadual Manoel Ignácio Peixoto (Cataguases School, current State School Manoel Ignácio Peixoto) is located in Granjaria Neighbourhood, in the city of Cataguases. Oscar Niemeyer designed it between 1945 and 1949 and inaugurated it in 1947. Francisco Inácio Peixoto asked Cândido Portinari to elaborate a Tiradentes panel, which was on show at the Museum of Modern Art of Rio de Janeiro in 1949, before it was transported to Cataguases. Nowadays, a photographic replica replaces the original, which was sold to the government of the State of São Paulo. This panel can be seen in the Memorial of Latin America, in São Paulo. This is a girls and boys boarding school and has students from many parts of Brazil. In the 1960’s, it was donated to the State of Minas Gerais and its name changed to Manuel Ignácio Peixoto State School. The building has an indoor tile panel named ‘Abstrato’ (‘Abstract’), made by Paulo Werneck, and Jan Zach’s sculpture ‘O Pensador’ (‘The Thinker’), in honour of teacher Antônio Amaro. It also functions as the Museu de Arte Popular do Brasil (Popular Art Museum of Brazil), organized by Francisco Inácio Peixoto, oriented by writer and art critic Marques Rebello. Joaquim Tenreiro designed the original furniture and Burle Marx made the landscape project. Although it has a daring disposition of volumes, this building, quoting Niemeyer, ‘has a very simple layout, which does not need to be explained. It is a school with correct and modern architecture, an inexpensive building’.

Situation:The School belongs to the government of the State of Minas Gerais and maintains its original use. According to the data from a fieldwork done in 2004, this building is in a good state of conservation.

Inventory information:Although the Deliberative Council of IPHAN has already decided that the heritage of Cataguases is under the protection of the Federal Union, it has not been listed in the books yet.

Photos: (10)

Drawings: (2)